Pneumonia is very tricky to spot. It has symptoms that are very close to cold or flu, therefore you may not realize you have pneumonia. And also, signs and symptoms can differ greatly depending on the underlying conditions that you have and the type of organism causing the infection:
Pneumonia affects the lungs and causes inflammation. It is an infection caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other micro-organisms. Pneumonia usually strikes when a person’s immune system is down, most often a simple viral infection in the upper respiratory tract, cold or flu will do. Flu-like symptoms and other infections do not cause pneumonia, but they favor microbial growth and tend alter the mucous blanket. Some other factors make specific people more susceptible to infections and in-turn pneumonia.
Most of the Pneumonia cases are caused by bacteria. The streptococcus bacteria, known as pneumococcus, cause one of the most prevalent forms of pneumonia.
Pneumonia being a disease caused by microbes like bacteria and virus, it is contracted by different places. Pneumonia affects the lungs, causing inflammation. It is basically an airborne disease. As the name suggests, the infection starts from an already infected person spreading when the person sneezes or coughs.
Among the other causes of pneumonia are when some microbes enter the lungs from the mouth, throat or nose and when a person suffers from some other illness which results in weakened immunity. The severity of pneumonia increases with the loss in the immunity of the body to fight the viruses and bacteria. This is exactly the reason why people who have suffered viral infections, lung disease, and heart disease recently have swallowing problems, are alcoholics, drug users, etc. People who have suffered a seizure or stroke are at higher risk for developing pneumonia than the rest.
Pneumonia is classified according to where or how a person is exposed to germs:
There are different treatments for pneumonia depending on the causes of the disease. Pneumonia is caused by viruses and bacteria. These both microbes are different in nature and thus, the treatments for the disease caused by them are different too.
Generally, doctors resort to administering antibiotics, but it is usually only prescribed for bacterial pneumonia. Other common treatment options include taking adequate bed rest, maintaining a normal body temperature, taking liquids that are non-alcoholic in nature, etc.
Having said all these, the most important advice for undergoing an effective treatment for pneumonia is to follow the medication routine properly and take rest at home.